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Jamaican Easter Traditions Steeped In Culture And HistoryPublished Apr 1, 2009
While American families hide colored eggs and eat chocolate bunnies, Jamaica’s tradition of eating Easter bun and cheese, fortune telling and Carnival are the ways this island celebrates this holiday period.
COMMON EASTER TRADITIONS
Easter egg predictions
One of Jamaica's long established practices is the setting of an egg to predict one's future. It is said if you place an egg white in a container of water on Holy Thursday night by Good Friday you will see your future. This is determined by the pattern which was formed by the coagulating egg white. If the shape formed in the container is a ship or aircraft, it means travel.
The custom of offering Easter eggs, either chocolate or hard-boiled and colored, dates back well beyond the early years of Christianity to the most ancient pagan traditions. In fact, many cultures have also put their own twist to the egg story.
In Jamaica, this is the time of year when people tend to eat bun and cheese in abundance. Though it is not clear how the cheese aspect of the tradition started, bun eating has been around for centuries. The popular Jamaican Easter bun, a tropical version of the English hot cross bun is generally eaten with processed cheddar cheese. Supermarket shelves are piled high with these sweet loaves, spiced with cinnamon, cloves and nutmeg, and bursting with raisins, currants and other dried fruit. For those interested in making their own bun, see recipe below.
Eating buns during Easter is not unique to Jamaica. In earlier times Greeks and Egyptians ate small cakes or buns in honor of the 'queen of heaven', the goddess Eastre as early as the days of Cecrops, the founder of Athens, 1,500 years before Christ.
Hot cross buns were first baked by the Saxons in honor of Eastre. Early church fathers, to compete with the pagan custom of baking ox-marked cakes, baked their own version, using the same dough as the bun made for Eastre. But they had to be discreet in their conversion methods. So they reinterpreted the ox-horn symbol as a crucifix, and gave the buns out to new converts attending mass. And again, they did a good job of disguising their motives.
Most churches and homes in Jamaica are decorated with Easter lilies, which seem to appropriately bloom on Easter Sunday. The lily is a symbol of purity, innocence and virtue because of its delicacy of form and its snow-white color and White Trumpet or Easter Lily has come to symbolize the resurrection of Jesus Christ. History, mythology, literature, poetry and the world of art are rife with stories and images that speak of the beauty and majesty of the elegant white flower. Often called the "white-robed apostles of hope," lilies were found growing in the Garden of Gethsemane after Christ's agony.
Physic nut tree
Another Jamaican Easter myth is the bleeding physic nut tree which usually occurs on Good Friday at noon. This is an often repeated story in rural Jamaica. It is said that on Good Friday, if you cut the tree, the sap that oozes would be a red substance that signifies the blood of Jesus. It is also believed that the crucifixion was carried out on a similar type of tree.
Food is an important part of Jamaica’s Easter tradition. Another popular custom is the exclusion of meat from the diet for the Lenten period (40 days after Ash Wednesday). Many still observe this tradition and refrain from cooking on Good Friday, with fish as the main staple of nearly every household. It is prepared in every conceivable way: fried, roasted, steamed, grilled, escoveitched and jerked.
While Easter is a solemn time for many, there are those who opt to celebrate in another form and choose to participate in Carnival in Jamaica. Culminating during Easter week, Carnival has become a major event on the Jamaican party calendar, attended by thousands of revellers. Kingston’s biggest annual event is jam-packed with costumed parades featuring local and regional calypso and soca artists bringing the music of the region to the city’s streets.
Jamaican Easter Bun Recipe
½ bottle stout (optional)
3 cups flour
3 teaspoons baking powder
¾ cup brown sugar
2 eggs beaten
½ tablespoon browning
1 tablespoon molasses
½ pint milk
2 tablespoons melted butter
½ cup raisins – soaked in water or liquor
½ cup mixed peel
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 tablespoon allspice or mixed spice
1 tablespoon cherries
½ tablespoon allspice
1 cup sugar
½ cup water
Preheat oven to 200 degrees Farenheit. Warm the stout on low flame. Add browning, sugar, molasses and butter. Stir until dissolved. Sift together flour, baking powder and spices. Add chopped fruits - ensure raisins are drained - to the mixture. Add wet ingredients to flour mixture. Bake in a greased loaf pan for 1 to 1 ¼ hours. Remove from oven when ready, and allow to cool. Glaze with sugar water. Honey and melted butter can also be used.
3 comment(s) on this page. Add your own comment below.
I am from the US but we come to Jamaica every year. We have made many good friends there and would like to bring gifts for them. Could you please give me suggestions? Thank you and God Bless.
leslie... thank you for thinking of the Jamaicans. My husband is Jamaican, still living there. One of the things they like to get is shoes. As u know, they do a lot of walking. When my husband was younger, he was only allowed 1 pair, which he had to wear from 8th-12th grade, and only to church and school. His feet are quite deformed from that. Shoes are quite expensive there... my husband cleans his shoes, washes his shoe laces and irons then nightly!!! The Jamaicans take very good care of all they own. My husband loves when i bring him white tee-shirts with a V neck. Thank you again for ur generosity. God Bless You