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  1. #271
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    Afro-Olmecs Came from the Mende Regions of West Africa


    Although archeologists have used the name "Olmec," to refer to the Black builders of ancient Mexico's first civilizations, recent discoveries have proven that these Afro-Olmecs were West Africans of the Mende language and cultural group. Inscriptions found on ancient monuments in parts of Mexico show that the script used by the ancient Olmecs was identical to that used by the ancient and modern Mende-speaking peoples of West Africa. Racially, the collosal stone heads are identical in features to West Africans and the language deciphered on Olmec monuments is identical to the Mende language of West Africa, (see Clyde A. Winters) on the internet.

    The term "Olmec" was first used by archeologists since the giant stone heads with the features of West African Negritic people were found in a part of Mexico with an abundance of rubber trees. The Maya word for rubber was "olli, and so the name "Olmec," was used to label the Africoid Negritic people represented in the faces of the stone heads and found on hundreds of terracotta figurines throughout the region.

    Yet, due to the scientific work done by deciphers and linguists, it has been found out that the ancient Blacks of Mexico know as Olmecs, called themselves the Xi People (She People).
    Apart from the giant stone heads of basalt, hundreds of terracotta figurines and heads of people of Negritic African racial reatures have also been found over the past hundred years in Mexico and other parts of Meso-America as well as the ancient Black-owned lands of the Southern U.S. (Wa****aw Proper,(Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Arkansas), South America's Saint Agustin Culture in the nation of Colombia, Costa Rica, and other areas) the "Louisiana Purchase,"
    lands, the south-eastern kingdom of the Black Jamassee, and other places including Haiti, see
    the magazine Ancient American).

    Various cultural clues and traces unique to Africa as well as the living descendants of prehistoric and ancient African migrants to the Americas continue to exist to this very day. The Wa****aw Nation of Louisiana is one such group (see www.Hotep.org), the Garifuna or Black Caribs of the Caribbean and Central America is another, the descendants of the Jamasse who live in Georgia and the surrounding states is another group. There are also others such as the Black Californian of Queen Calafia fame (the Black Amazon Queen mentioned in the book Journey to Esplandian, by Ordonez de Montalvo during the mid 1500's).

    Cultural artefacts which connect the ancient Blacks of the Americas with Africa are many. Some of these similarities can be seen in the stone and terracotta works of the ancient Blacks of the Americas. For example, the African hairline is clearly visible in some stone and terracotta works, including the use of cornrows, afro hair style, flat "mohawk" style similar to the type used in Africa, dreadlocks, braided hair and even plain kinky hair. The African hairline is clearly visible on a fine stone head from Veracruz Mexico, carved between 600 B.C. to 400 B.C., the Classic Period of Olmec civilization. That particular statuette is about twelve inches tall and the distance from the head to the chin is about 17 centemeters. Another head of about 12 inches, not only posesses Negroid features, but the hair design is authentically West African and is on display at the National Museum of Mexico. This terracotta Africoid head also wears the common disk type ear plugs common in parts of Africa even today among tribes such as the Dinka and Shilluk.

    One of the most impressive pieces of evidence which show a direct link between the Black Olmec or Xi People of Mexico and West Africans is the presence of scarification marks on some Olmec terracotta sculpture. These scarification marks clearly indicate a West African Mandinka (Mende) presence in prehistoric and ancient Meso-America. Ritual scarification is still practiced in parts of Africa and among the Black peoples of the South Pacific, however the Olmec scarification marks are not of South Pacific or Melanesian Black origins, since the patterns used on ancient Olmec sculpture is still common in parts of Africa. This style of scarification tatooing is still used by the Nuba and other Sudanese African people. In fact, the face of a young girl with keloid scarification on here face is identical to the very same keloid tatoos on the face of an ancient Olmec terracotta head from ancient Mexico. Similar keloid tattoos also appear on the arms of some Sudanese and are identical to similar keloid scars on the arms of some clay figures from ancient Olmec terracotta figurines of Negroid peoples of ancient Mexico.

    http://www.raceandhistory.com/images/postedD146.jpg


    http://www.raceandhistory.com/images/postedD147.jpg




    Descendants of Ancient Africans in Recent America


    In many parts of the Americas today, there are still people of African Negritic racial backgrounds who continue to exist either blended into the larger African-Americas population or are parts of separate, indigenous groups living on their own lands with their own unique culture and languages.

    One such example is the Wa****aw Nation who owned about one million square miles of the former Louisiana Territories, (see www.Hotep.org), but who now own only about 70,000 acres of all their former territory. The regaining of their lands from the U.S. was a long process which concluded partially in 1991, when they won the right to their lands in a U.S. court.

    The Black Californian broke up as a nation during the late 1800's after many years of war with the Spanish invaders of the South West, with Mexico and with the U.S. The blended into the Black population of California and their descendants still exist among the millions of Black Californians of today.

    The Black Caribs or Garifunas of the Caribbean Islands and Central America fought with the English and Spanish from the late fifteen hundreds up to 1797, when the British sued for peace. The Garifuna were expelled from their islands but they prospered in Central America where hundreds of thousands live along the coasts today.

    The Afro-Darienite is a significant group of pre-historic, pre-columbian Blacks who existed in South America and Central America. These Blacks were the Africans that the Spanish first saw during their exploration of the narrow strip of land between Columbia and Central America and who were described as "slaves of our lord" since the Spaniards and Europeans had the intention of enslaving all Blacks they found in the newly discovered lands.

    The above mentioned Blacks of precolumbian origins are not Blacks wo mixed with the Mongoloid Indian population as occurred during the time of slavery. They were Blacks who were in some cases on their lands before the southward migrations of the Mongoloid Native Americans. In many cases, these Blacks had established civilizations in the Americas thousands of years ago.


    http://www.raceandhistory.com/images/postedD119.jpg

    An early Black Californian, a member of the original Black
    aboriginal people of California and the South Western U.S.


    http://www.raceandhistory.com/images/postedD138.jpg



    THE USE OF ANCIENT AFRICAN SHIPS AND BOATS TO TRADE WITH THE AMERICAS
    Protohistoric, prehistoric and ancient Negritic Africans were masters of the lands as well as the oceans. They were the first shipbuilders on earth and had to have used watercraft to cross from South East Asia to Australia about 60,000 years ago and from the West Africa/Sahara inland seas region to the Americas. The fact of the northern portion of Africa now known as a vast desert wasteland being a place of large lakes, rivers and fertile regions with the most ancient of civilizations is a fact that has been verified, (see African Presence in Early America, edt. Ivan Van Sertima and Runoko Rashidi, Transaction Publishers, New Bruinswick, NJ "The Principle of Polarity," by Wayne Chandler: 1994.)

    From that region of Africa as well as East Africa, diffusions of Blacks towards the Americas as early as 30,000 B.C. are believed to have occurred based on findings in a region from Mexico to Brazil which show that American indians in the region include Negritic types (eg. Olmecs, Afro-Darienite, Black Californians, Chuarras, Garifunas and others). Much earlier journeys occurred by land sometime before 75,000 B.C. according to the Gladwin Thesis written by C.S. Gladwin. This migration occurred on the Pacific side of the Americas and was began by Africans with Affinities similar to the people of New Guinea, Tasmania, Solomon Islands and Australia. The earliest migrations of African Blacks through Asia then to the Americas seemed to have occurred exactly during the period that the Australian Aborigines and the proto-African ancestors of the Aborigines, Oceanic Negroids (Fijians, Solomon Islanders, Papua-New Guineans,and so on) and other Blacks spread throughout East Asia and the Pacific Islands about one hundred thousand years ago. The fact that these same Blacks are still among the world's seafaring cultures and still regard the sea as sacred and as a place of sustinence is evidence of their ancient dependance on the sea for travel and exploration as well as for commerce and trade. Therefore, they would have had to build sea-worthy ships and boats to take them across the vast expanses of ocean, including the Atlantic, Indian Ocean (both the Atlantic and Indian Oceans were called the Ethiopean Sea, in the Middle Ages) and the Pacific Ocean.

    During the historic period close to the early bronze or copper using period of world history (6000 B.C. to 4000 B.C. migrations of Africans from the Mende regions of West Africa and the Sahara across the Atlantic to the Americas may have occurred. In fact, the Mende agricultural culture was well established in West Africa and the Sahara during that period. Boats still criss-crossed the Sahara, as they had been doing for over ten thousand years previously. The ancient peoples of the Sahara, as rock paintings clearly show, were using boats and may have sailed from West Africa and the Sahara to the Americas, including the Wa****aw territories of the Midwestern and Southern U.S. Moreover, it is believed by the aboriginal Black people of the former Wa****aw Empire who still live in the Southern U.S., that about 6000 B.C., there was a great population shift from the region of Africa and the Pacific ocean, which led to the migrations of their ancestors to the Americas to join the Blacks who had been there previously.

    As for the use of ships, ancient Negritic peoples and the original Negroid peoples of the earth may have began using boats very early in human history. Moreover, whatever boats were used did not have to be sophisticated or of huge size. In fact, the small, seaworthy "outrigger" canoe may have been spread from East Africa to the Indian Ocean and the Pacific by the earliest African migrants to Asia and the Pacific regions. Boats of papyrus, skin, sewed plank, log and hollowed logs were used by ancient Africans on their trips to various parts of the world.


    http://www.raceandhistory.com/images/postedD145.jpg


    http://www.raceandhistory.com/images/postedD136.jpg

    This stone belt was used by the Olmec ballplayers to catch the impact of the rubber balls in their ball games. This face is typical Negritic, including the eyes which seem to "slant," a common racial characteristic in West Africa, the Sahara and in South Africa among the Kong-San (Bushmen) and other Africans.
    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
    Marcus Garvey

    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

  2. #272
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    TRADE ROUTES OF THE ANCIENT BLACKS
    During the years of migrations of Africans to all parts of the world, those who crossed the Atlantic, Indian Ocean and Pacific also used the seas to make trips to the northern parts of Africa. They may have avoided the northern routes across the deserts at particular times of the year and sailed northward by sailing parallel to the coastslines on their way northward or southward, just as the Phoenicians, Nubians and Egyptians had done.
    Boats made of skin, logs, hollowed ttee trunk, lashed canoes and skin could have been used for trading and commerce.

    The reed boat is a common type of watercraft used in West Africa and other parts of the world, yet there were other boats and ships to add to those already mentioned above. Boats similar to those of Nubia and Egypt were being used in the Sahara just as long or even longer than they were being used in Egypt. In fact, civilization in the Sahara and Sudan existed before Egypt was settled by Blacks from the South and the Sahara.

    The vessels which crossed the Atlantic about 1500 B.C. (during the early Afro-Olmec period) were most likely the same types of ships shown in the sahara cave paintings of ships dating to about 7,000 B.C. or similar ships from Nubian rock carvings of 3000 B.C..

    Egyptologists such as Sir Flinders Petrie believed that the ancient African drawings of ships represent papyrus boats similar to the one built by the Bambara People for Thor Hayerdhal on the shores of Lake Chad. This boat made it to Barbadose, however they did not reinforce the hull with rope as the ancient Egyptians and Nubians did with their ancient ships. That lack of reinforcement made the Bambara ship weak, however another papyrus ship built by Ayamara Indians in Lake Titicaca, Bolivia was reinforced and it made it to the West Indies without difficulty.

    Naval historian Bjorn Landstrom believes that some of the curved hulls shown on rock art and pottery from the Nubian civilization (circa 3000 B.C.) point to a basic three-plank idea. The planks would have been sewn together with rope. The larer version must have had some interior framing to hold them together. The hulls of some ot these boats show the vertical extension of the bow and stern which may have been to keep them bouyant.

    These types of boats are stilll in use in one of the most unlikely places. The Djuka and Saramaka Tribes of Surinam, known also as 'Bush Negroes,"
    build a style of ship and boat similar to that of the Ancient Egyptians and Nubians, with their bows and sterns curving upward and pointing vertically.

    This style of boat is also a common design in parts of West Africa, particularly along the Niger River where extensive river trading occurs. They are usually carved from a single tree trunk which is used as the backbone. Planks are then fitted alongside to enlarge them. In all cases, cabins are built on top of the interior out of woven mat or other strong fiberous material. These boats are usually six to eight feet across and about fifty feet long. There is evidence that one African Emperor Abubakari of Mali used these "almadias" or longboats to make a trip to the Americas during the 1300's.(see, They Came Before Columbus, Ivan Van Sertima; Random House: 1975)

    Apart from the vessels used by the West Africans and south western Sahara Black Africans to sail across the Atlantic to the Americas, Nubians, Ku****es, Egyptians and Ethiopians were known traders in the Mediterranean. The Canaanites, the Negroid inhabitants of the Levant who later became the Phoenicians also were master seafarers. This has caused some to speculate that the heads of the Afro-Olmecs represent the heads of servants of the Phoenicians, yet no dominant people would build such massive and collosol monuments to their servants and not to themselves.

    Check for historical references and literature

    ANTHROPOLOGISTS BELIEVE THERE WAS AN ANCIENT BLACK PRESENCE IN THE AMERICAS


    During the International Congress of American Anthropologists held in Bacelona, Spain in 1964, a French anthropologist pointed out that all that was missing to prove a definite presence of Negritic Blacks in the Americas before Columbus was Negroid skeletons to add to the already found Negroid featured terracottas. Later on February of 1975 skeletons of Negroid people dating to the 1200's were found at a precolumbian grave in the Virgin Islands. Andrei Wierzinski, the Polish crainologist also concluded based on the study of skeletons found in Mexico, that a good portion of the skulls were that of Negritic Blacks,

    Based on the many finds for a Black African Negroid presence in ancient Mexico, some of the most enthusiastic proponents of a pre-columbian Black African presence in Mexico are Mexican professionals. They conclude that Africans must have established early important trading centers on the coasts along Vera Cuz, from which Middle America's first civiliztion grew.

    In retrospect, ancient Africans did visit the Americas from as early as about 100,000 B.C. where they stayed for tens of thousands of years. By 30,000 B.C., to about 15,000 B.C., a massive migration from the Sahara towards the Indian Ocean and the Pacific in the East occurred from the Sahara. Blacks also migrated Westward across the Atlantic Ocean towards the Americas during that period until the very eve of Columbus' first journey to the Americas.

    Trade, commerce and exploration as well as the search for new lands when the Sahara began to dry up later in history was the catalyst that drove the West Africans towards the Atlantic and into the Americas.

    REFERENCES


    Wa****aw Nation (www.Hotep.org)

    Clyde A. Winters (The Nubians and the Olmecs)

    Blacks of India dalitstan.org

    Blacks of the Pacific and Melanesia:
    www.cwo.com/~lucumi/pacific.html

    If you ever visit the ancient Afro-Olmec monuments of Mexico, the Wa****aw Nation of Louisiana, the monuments of Nubia, Egypt or West Africa you need to take great pictures:
    www.photoalley.com

    DESCENDANTS OF PRECOLUMBIAN BLACKS IN THE U.S., CARIBBEAN, CENTRAL AMERICA AND SOUTH AMERICA AND THE FIGHT FOR THE RETURN OF THEIR STOLEN OCCUPIED LANDS
    IN THE MIDST OF THE REPARATIONS DEBATE THE ISSUE OF RETURNING THE LANDS OF THESE BLACKS WHO ANCESTORS WERE HERE IN THE U.S. AND AMERICAS BEFORE COLUMBUS HAS ALREADY BEEN DONE WITH ONE BLACK NATION OF THE LOUISIANA TERRITORIES


    The experience of the Wa****aw Nation (or Ouchita Nation) of the Southern United States is another piece of solid evidence for the fact of pre-Columbian African presence and settlement in the Americas and specifically in the United States. According to an article carried in the magazine, 'The Freedom Press Newsletter, (Spring, 1996), reprinted from Earthways, The Newsleter of the Sojourner Truth Farm School (August, 1995), the Wa****aw were
    (and still are) a nation of Africans who existed in the Southern U.S. and Mississippi Valley region long before the 16th century Europeans arrived and even before there were "Native Americans" on the lands the Wa****aw once occupied and still occupy today.

    According to the article, "the Wa****aw Nation "governed three million acres of land in Louisiana,
    Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas and Mississippi. They were ship builders (similar to the Garifuna of the Caribbean, who are also of pre-Columbian West Afrucan Mandinka Muslim origins (according to Harold Lawrence in 'African Presence in Early America,edt. by Ivan Van Sertima).

    What is even more facinating about this aspect of hidden history of Blacks in America before Columbus is that the Wa****aw Nation was known and recognized as a separate, independant Black nation by the Spanish and French, who were in the Louisiana Territories and Texas areas. According to the present leader of the Wa****aw Nation, "when Spain ceeded the Louisiana Territory to France, they excluded the land belonging to the Wa****aw Nation. France did not include it in the "Louisiana Purchase," and according to the leader, "This land
    is not part of the United States of America." That point was made in the newspaper, "The Capitol Spotlight, June 1992.

    In fact, the courts agreed that the land was not part of the U.S. and that in fact the Wa****aw (Ouchita) Nation was on the land long before European Colonization: therefore, in legal decisions made, some of the ancient territory was returned. This historical decision was made about 1991.

    This is the type of information seldom seen in the majority press, yet, the importance of that event clearly points to the incredible service small papers and magazines such as Ancient American or the Capitol Spotlight and The Freedom Press Newsletter have been making, along iwth internet news and information sites such as this one. So, here we see an example in the continental United States where Africans who came before slavery, before Columbus and thousands of years before Christ (over six thousand years B.C., according to the Wa****aw chroniclers), were engaged in boat building, seafaring, trade and commerce in ancient times and who still exist today as a distinct Black Nation who have evidence and proof of their ownership of millions of acres of lands in the Southern U.S. and the Mississippi Valley. The Wa****aw Nation held an important convention in June 1992, in Monroe, Louisiana and have held others since. (see www.Hotep.org for the Wa****aw's point of view on their history and culture).

    Yet, the Wa****aw is merely one nation of the descendants of pre-columbian Blacks from Africa and elsewhere and possibly from right here in the Americas as the very first people to exist here, long before the development of the Mongoloid, American Indians or the Mongoloid( 15,000 B.C.) or even the Caucasian races (30,000 B.C.). Pure Black Homosapiens began to migrate from Africa and populate the entire earth about 200,000 to 150,000 years ago, according to scientists, historians and anthropologists.

    Among the other Black nations who existed in the Americas before Columbus and long before Christ were the Jamassee (Yamassee), who had a large kingdom in the South eastern U.S., Their descendants were among the first Blacks of pre-columbian American origins who fell victim to kidnapping for the purpose of enslavement. Blacks of South America, the Caribbean and Central America were also attacked and enslaved based on a Pontifax passed during the mid- 1400's by the Church hierachy giving the Europeans the go ahead to enslave all "Children of Ham" found in the newly discovered territories. The descendants of the Jamassee are the millions of Blacks who live in Alabama, Gerogia, South Carolina and northern Florida. They of course also have African slave ancestors, but these slaves are the relatives of the same Africans who sailed to America of their own free will, while Europe was in the Dark Ages, and long before Christ, for that matter.

    In California, descendnats of the fierce "Black Californians" who were a Negroid people of African racial origins and the original owners of California and the South WEST (BEFORE THE SPANISH INVSION...OR THE CREATION OF THE MIXED RACE "HISPANIC" ETHNIC GROUP.
    Many African-Americans in California are of Black Californian ancestry and their great grand parents were among the original Black Californians who were victims of Spanish Californio enslavement and Anglo American settler attacks. In fact, the Black Californian fought until the late 1800's to maintain control of their ancestral lands from the settlers. THAT'S A FACT.

    There are aboriginal nations of Blacks in Panama such as the Afro-Darienite and the Choco people.
    In fact, the Afro-Darienite are the remnants of the aboriginal Black nations of South and Central America who were once hunted down to be made slaves by the Spaniards (in fact Balboa or Peter Matyr chroniclers referred to these Blacks as "slaves of our lord," ) meaning, like Blacks in Africa, the South Pacific and elsewhere, they were eligible for enslavement, being descended from Ham, the so-called "father of the Black race."

    In Columbia's Choco Region, on the Western side of that country, there are hundreds of thousands of Blacks, whose ancestors have been in Columbia for thousands of years. In fact, scientists and some historians have found out that Black slaves were being kidnapped and hunted down in Columbia and parts of South and Central America, as well as the Caribbean and U.S., by the Spaniards and others long before they began to look for slaves in Africa. (an old painting in Natonal Geographic clearly shows a black with bow and arrow and wearing a loin cloth, hunting along the coast of Columbia during the first voyage there by the Spaniards.
    These Blacks today of the Choco Region of Columbia are among the most oppressed of Blacks in Latin America today (See the Final Call back issues on this topic)

    Then there is the Garifuna or Kalifunami also called "Black Caribs" Being a member of the Black Carib Nation and having done historical research, the myth of the Black Caribs being escaped slaves has been debunked. It is true that the Black Caribs encouraged slaves from the West Indies Islands to join them and that the Black Caribs did ally with the Mongoloid Caribs of Dominica and other parts of the West Indies, but the fact remains, that the Black Caribs were originally Mende traders of gold and cloth, who established settlements throughout the Circum-Caribbean region, Mexico, Central America, South America and the Southern U.S.
    They had been arriving in the Americas for thousands of years, even before they converted to Islam during the 900's A.D.. In fact, the Olmecs of ancient Mexico were Mende, they used the Mende script (found on monments at Monte Alban, Mexico, and they named places from southern Mexico to South America with Mandinka names. Such names sometimes sound identical to the names of places used in West Africa.

    In retrospect, while the debate for reparations increses, it is important that African-Americans know that two great injustices were committed by the Europeans. The first was slavery, the second was the taking of Black lands and destroying Black history and culture so Blacks remain totally ignorant of their rights to more than one third of north America. NOW YOU KNOW WHY THE SLAVEMASTERS DID NOT WANT BLACK FOLK TO LEARN TO READ, AND WHY PLANTS ARE PLACED IN CHATROOMS AND ON FORUMS TO ATTEMPT TO DISCREDIT ANY USEFUL HISTORY AND INFORMATION OFFERED TO BLACK PEOPLE.

    Still, TRUTH SUBMERGED SHALL RISE AGAIN.

    http://www.raceandhistory.com/histor...entamerica.htm
    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
    Marcus Garvey

    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

  3. #273
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    SUSU ECONOMICS
    THE HISTORY OF PAN-AFRICAN TRADE, COMMERE, WEALTH AND MONEY
    (A Preview of the Facinating History of the Development of Ancient Black Civilizations Worldwide)

    One of the most important aspects of Black history worldwide is the development of Black civilization due to the early and persisten use and application of trade and commerce. Due to such early and well organized trading and commercial systems throughout the prehistoric Black world, Blacks were able to expand throughout the world and establish the world's first cultures and civilizations. Although it is said that Blacks migrated from the original homeland of mankind in Africa to settle all Asia, Europe, Australia and the Americas (see Scientific American; Sept. 2000, p. 80-87...this is a recent publication), long before the differentiation of the races from the original Negritic to Negriic, Caucasoid, Mongoloid, along with the various mixed races such as Polynesians, Native Americans, Japanese, Malays, Mediterranean whites, East Indians (the mixed Negroid/Caucasian type...not the pure Black pre Aryan Negritic Indians), Arabs, Latinos (Mestizos, Mullatoes, Zambos, Spaniards) and a number of other mixed races and regional types, the purpose of the earlies migrations of Blacks from Africa to the rest of the world was not merely following and hunting wild animals, as some theorists have claimed, but searching for commodities, like red ocre to paint the smooth, dark skin from insects and decoration. Another purpose for the early migrations of Africans to other parts of the world was to establish trading and commercial links to those of their own people, who had left previously. Hence, even if the earliest migrations were after wandering herds of animals, further migrations were in search of links with their kinsmen and women.


    The migrations of Africans to all parts of the world within the past hundred thousand years
    or more occurred before an other races existed. Thus, Black culture and civilization was being established when no other "races" existed as we know them today. This is a facinating historical even, because having been homosapiens for over one hundred thousand years, it is very possible that Blacks could have gone through many periods of cultural development and civilization before the beginning of the Nile Valley civilization (since about 17,000 B.C.) or the Zingh Civilization of the South-Western Sahara (15,000 B.C.), or even Atlantis (10,000 B.C.), or the building of the Sphinx (7,000 B.C.).
    In fact, there is evidence from ancient East Indian chronicles (some of these pictures are on AAWR (African American Web Ring) of the geat scientific advancement of the Black prehistoric inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization (6000 b.c. to 1700 b.c), who built flying machines, who had flushing toilets, cities on a gridlike pattern, and many of what we may call "modern" conviniences.

    About 20,000 years ago, the present-day dried up and desertified Sahara had an aquatic civilization where the Africans who lived on the edges of the giant inland sea, built large ocean-going ships. Rock paiintings of these ships can still be seen in the Sahara (and some appeared on national geographic magazine about two years ago). (For more on the Aquatic Civilizations of the prehistoric Sahara, see, "African Presence In Early Asia," by Ivan Van Sertima and Runoko Rashidi, Transaction Publications, New Bruinswick, NJ).

    The Africans who used these boats (which are still used today by tribes such as the Baduma of Mali, West Africa) made of papyrus straw. These same type of boats were used to travel to the Americas, the Indian Ocean, the South Pacific, India, East Asia and the Pacific, then to the Americas via the Pacific Ocean. In fact, the Fijians still consider Africa's East Coast to be their very ancient homeland and Africans in East Africa have oral as well as written histories of ancient journies towards Asia.
    In ancient times, trade between Africans in Africa and those in the Indian Ocean, East Asia and the Pacific Ocean, East Asia, the Americas, the Mediterranean, the Black Sea area and all the continents including Australia. In all these areas, evidence of prehistoric African Blacks exist. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT SUCH EVIDENCE WAS AGAIN FOUND IN SOUTH AMERICA, WHERE ABOUT FIFTY SKULLS REPRESENTING NEGROID PEOPLE WERE FOUND IN BRAZIL (see Scientific American, September 2000). However, this is no news to some Blacks, particularly those descended from the ancient prehistoric Blacks of America, such as the Wasitaw of the Louisiana area, the descendants of the Black Californians, the Jamassee and others; the Black Caribs of the Caribbean and Central America, the Choco Region Blacks of Columbia, South America and many others.

    This book examines the history of Black trade and commerce. It examines how money was made in ancient times and how this legacy continued well into the colonial era to this very day.

    In a time when Blacks worldwide are suffering economically, this book clearly contributes to the knowledge and helps build the confidence needed to initiate a Black world economic renaissance and Black economic, social, numerical and cultural development among Black Americans and Blacks elsewhere.

    http://www.raceandhistory.com/histor...entamerica.htm
    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
    Marcus Garvey

    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

  4. #274
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    Quote Originally Posted by jah_yout
    life is all about evolution...
    when carter g woodson proposed "knee-grow history week" in 1925 i think he would be appalled that we are still using the same concept in 2014--- almost 100 years later...
    where is the progress?
    almost 100 years of taking a week or a month to talk about "negro history" or "black history"...when the "white" power structure celebrates the hand-picked figures they approved as acceptable for honor--- every february;
    this is preposterous...a free-minded people does not allow their enemy to set the parameters of their education...
    i guarantee china would not be a world power if they had something called "yellow history month"...
    Quote Originally Posted by blugiant View Post
    evolution survival aff da fittest. natural selection ting
    no nothing to do with darwin-ism...just adjustments & changes over time

    wat wood ave appalled carter g woodson iss da lack aff blakk histaree still being taught dat still make blakk histaree month needed.
    the slave begs for the crumbs of the oppressor...he does not think in terms of a year but in terms of a month...

    woo care woo oyinbo hand picked as images blakk peeps shood idolized wen itt blakk peeps woo shod be selectinn blakk images woo are worthee aff lionization.
    so i guess you don't care that 'oyinbo' man gerald ford sanctioned this current ism...
    or that 'oyinbo' media & school system drive its implementation & decide who & what will be covered in the 'oyinbo' media & school systems

    jah yuth tink pon mlk day ann oww manee blakks used dat fe pander fe oyinbo money. mii kno sum civil wrongs organization dat will jump to defend oyinbo fram allegation aff racism even dough dem kno dat dem oyinbo supremacee ave racist policies. dat doan meen dat mlk ting iss badd cah sum blakks use itt fe upliff blakks.
    not really sure how that relates to "black history month"...but begging your oppressor for freedom & rights is generally a weak place to be...

    dat wan aff de diss tredd cah itt present blakks ann oyinbo woo ar natt usuallee chatt bout.
    the fact that we are discussing them in mid-march proves that "black history month" is literally outdated...

    doan reallee care bout da images oyinbo pushinn cah itt blakk peeps responseebilleetee fe define ann redefine owaselves
    i care about the images that 'oyinbo'...including black 'oyinbo' are pushing---brainwashing the people with tools like "black history month"...unable to see themselves outside of the context of "white" domination...

    a fire and more fire pon mental slavery ting

  5. #275
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    http://static.atlantablackstar.com/w...tu-600x391.jpg




    Empress Taitu Bitul of Ethiopia (1851 – February 11, 1918)

    Empress Taitu was the loyal wife of Emperor Menelik II. She was considered a brilliant military strategist, a commander and an advisor to her husband. Taitu’s relationship with Emperor Menelik was one of mutual respect, independence, trust and reciprocity. Taitu played a key role in halting European’s plot to colonize Ethiopia when she advised her husband to reject the Treaty of Wuchale (May 2, 1889) between Italy and Ethiopia.

    The Italian translation of article 17 of the treaty would have made Ethiopia Italy’s protectorate. In contrast, the Amharic version recognized the sovereignty of Ethiopia and its relationship with Italy as just a diplomatic partnership.

    Taitu’s advice lead to Menelik tearing up the Wuchale Treaty, which then lead to Italy waging war in what became know as the First Italo–Ethiopian War or the 1896 Battle of Adwa. Taitu reportedly marched north with the Emperor and the Imperial Army, commanding a force of cannoneers.

    According to the research of Profesor Ayele Bekerie, Taitu’s strategy helped Ethiopia soundly defeat Italy during the Battle of Mekelle.

    “At the Battle of Mekelle, she advised Ras Mekonen to cut off the water supply to the Italians in order to disgorge them from their entrenched and heavily fortified positions at Endeyesus Hill on the eastern part of Mekelle City. Taitu was also the receiver and analyzer of intelligence information collected by spies, such as Basha Awalom Haregot and Gebre Igziabher. Historians characterize the intelligence data obtained by Awalom and Gebre Igzabher as crucial importance to the Ethiopian victory at the battle.”


    http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/03/...u-should-know/
    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
    Marcus Garvey

    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

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    Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti (October 25, 1900 – April 13, 1978

    Fela's mother

    Kuti was a teacher, political campaigner, and women’s rights activist who headed the Abeokuta Women’s Union (AWU) in southwest Nigeria. The purpose of the union was to organize the working class market woman and the middle class women against both colonial rule and the patriarchal structure.

    In Abeokuta, located in southwest Nigeria, colonial taxation by the British emerged as an unfair practice that predominantly targeted women. Nearly a year after numerous proposals to the Egba King (Alake of Egbaland), Oba Ademola II were met with little change, Kuti lead thousands of women in protest in the Abeokuta Women’s Revolt outside of the king’s palace.

    The response from the colonial authorities was brutal. The police force utilized tear gas and beatings on the women.

    Despite the dangerous circumstances, the AWU continued to protest and released a document called the AWU’s Grievances in 1947 that detailed all their accusations against the Alake and the SNA. Following the list of grievances, the women once again held a demonstration outside the Alake’s palace from November 29, 1947, until the morning of November 30. There were over ten thousand women in attendance.

    In the end, their demands were met, leading to the abdication of the King in 1949, the SNA system was changed, and four women had positions in the new system of administration.

    Ransome-Kuti’s political activism led to her being described as the doyen of female rights in Nigeria and was regarded as “The Mother of Africa.” These uprisings were among the earliest campaigns against British rule in Nigeria and West Africa during the colonial era.

    Kuti was the mother of the world’s celebrated musician, King of Afrobeats and political activists Fela Anikulapo Kuti.


    http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/03/...should-know/3/
    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
    Marcus Garvey

    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

  7. #277
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    Quote Originally Posted by jah_yout View Post

    the slave begs for the crumbs of the oppressor...he does not think in terms of a year but in terms of a month...


    so i guess you don't care that 'oyinbo' man gerald ford sanctioned this current ism...
    or that 'oyinbo' media & school system drive its implementation & decide who & what will be covered in the 'oyinbo' media & school systems


    not really sure how that relates to "black history month"...but begging your oppressor for freedom & rights is generally a weak place to be...

    the fact that we are discussing them in mid-march proves that "black history month" is literally outdated...

    i care about the images that 'oyinbo'...including black 'oyinbo' are pushing---brainwashing the people with tools like "black history month"...unable to see themselves outside of the context of "white" domination...

    a fire and more fire pon mental slavery ting
    enslaved affrikkans doan begg. slave massas changes laws seyinn dat de enslaved cyaan do fe self. blakk histaree month a blakk ting bout a new paradigm aff tinkinn

    neva figgit blakk parents telling mii dat de homewukk handouts dat mi personallee created ann give dem yuths is wear dem learn a latt bout blakk histaree. imagine wan blakk phd took imm yuth handout ann tell imm youth fe write imm homewukk anwsar pon looseleaf cah imm was aggoo used itt inn imm class. wat dat pint to iss dat a latt aff blakk peeps undareducated ann miseducated ann dat a reason y blakk histaree month still needed. blakk parents determine wat dem yuths will be taught iff blakk parents demanded better oyinbo miseducation ann oyinbo media wood change wat being covered. fii chatt bout oyinbo do diss ann do dat ignore da realitee dat too manee blakk parents fail fe make demands dat cood change ting. look pon awl dem blakk parents defendinn charter system dat ar enrichinn manee oyinbo at da xxpense aff blakk yuths. realitee iss da miseducation system need more blakk educators woo mission itt iss fe educate more blakk yuths. too badd soo much blakk peeps buy inna oyinbo argument bout da need fe more certeefied miseducators even dough dat ledd to less blakk educators. mii tried fe raise dem issues a wild bakk butt dem tredd neva gitt da needed passion

    oyy yuh aggoo teach blakk histaree widd out chattinn bout sellouts

    da realitee iss dat da histaree aff blakk show wii doan begg. wii demand ann change tings wen wii ovatand da blakk realitee. soo tapp widd da nunsense bout blakk peeps begg fe blakk histaree month wen itt was demands. enslaved afrikkans neva begged fe freedom dem putt upp a resistance ann force oyinbo fe bow ann den sum misleaders tekk lead ann sellout da mass. dem add to end slaveree cah dem cood natt maintain da system aff slaveree, dat de histaree. blakk peeps begg mixx race man ann demand tings fram oyinbo politrixxstahs. fred sed widdout demands, demandinn sintinn diffarant fram begginn. itt like oyinbo chattinn bout blakk peeps begginn fe reparation ann blakk peeps doan see oww oyinbo use language fe weaken arguments. dat more proof y blakk histaree month needed

    woodson argued argued fe more blakk histaree usinn a tool like negro histaree ween. even iff blakk histaree month iss a tool blakk can tunn itt arund ann use itt da same way too fe blakk empowerment

    doan figgit fiyah a riteous ting use fe pureeficateshan soo wen yuh play widd fiyah yuh sumthye gitt wet
    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
    Marcus Garvey

    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

  8. #278
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    http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-26582811


    see now this is one of thsoe things....where the poltical class develop contrarian myths....one that Dr Dudd mentioned in the past....


    How the civil rights movement changed black gun culture

    20 March 2014 Last updated at 01:18 GMT
    The subject of guns is a volatile one in the black community: a disproportionate number of black Americans are killed by firearms each year.
    Gang violence has destabilised some communities, while high-profile killings of black youths like Trayvon Martin and Jordan Davis have led political leaders to call for reforms to how guns are made, sold, used and stored.
    But Nicholas Johnson, a law professor at Fordham University in New York City, says black Americans have a long, positive history with guns. Firearms, he says, helped black Americans escape slavery, defend their homes and fight for their freedom. It was only after the civil rights movement that the public attitude towards guns started to change.
    He explores the hidden relationship between African Americans and firearms in his book Negroes and the Gun: The Black Tradition of Arms.
    Produced by Kate Dailey and Bill McKenna

    What nonsense! How can you have a revolution without shooting people ? Lenin 26th October 1917...
    If Christians go to heaven, I do not want to go to Heaven: Hatuey. 2/02/1512

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    enslaved affrikkans doan begg. slave massas changes laws seyinn dat de enslaved cyaan do fe self. blakk histaree month a blakk ting bout a new paradigm aff tinkinn
    i am speaking of the mentally enslaved---in this day---not enslaved afrikans in a former day...i maintain that celebrating "black history month" is mental slavery...

    neva figgit blakk parents telling mii dat de homewukk handouts dat mi personallee created ann give dem yuths is wear dem learn a latt bout blakk histaree.
    this is nothing to be proud of...in fact its shameful--and clearly demonstrates that "blacks" in their current state are mentally enslaved; i.e. no interest in themselves or their people or ancestors unless the government (school system) points them toward something---whether that something is beneficial to their edification or not...

    imagine wan blakk phd took imm yuth handout ann tell imm youth fe write imm homewukk anwsar pon looseleaf cah imm was aggoo used itt inn imm class. wat dat pint to iss dat a latt aff blakk peeps undareducated ann miseducated ann dat a reason y blakk histaree month still needed.
    i guess you can't see the irony that we are discussing this in late march...i suppose you would like to confine knowledge of self to one month designated by some person here or there...

    blakk parents determine wat dem yuths will be taught iff blakk parents demanded better oyinbo miseducation ann oyinbo media wood change wat being covered.
    mental slavery ting...expecting 'oyinbo' mis-education system & media to educate your children is clearly mis-informed...we should be questioning why so-called "black history" is not engrained in the general history curriculum...they should be questioning why a certain people's existence should be relegated to one month of a 12-month year...they should question why they are being fed false history & why so much is omitted...but they won't do that as long as they can't liberate the mind...


    f
    ii chatt bout oyinbo do diss ann do dat ignore da realitee dat too manee blakk parents fail fe make demands dat cood change ting. look pon awl dem blakk parents defendinn charter system dat ar enrichinn manee oyinbo at da xxpense aff blakk yuths. realitee iss da miseducation system need more blakk educators woo mission itt iss fe educate more blakk yuths. too badd soo much blakk peeps buy inna oyinbo argument bout da need fe more certeefied miseducators even dough dat ledd to less blakk educators. mii tried fe raise dem issues a wild bakk butt dem tredd neva gitt da needed passion

    oyy yuh aggoo teach blakk histaree widd out chattinn bout sellouts
    i consider people pushing "black history month" to be the biggest sellouts...this is the worst mental slavery they are pushing and plays a part in the current state of degradation & dysfunction in "black" communities across the world...you simply have not gotten to the point where you can see yourself outside of the context of "white" rule

    da realitee iss dat da histaree aff blakk show wii doan begg.
    nonsense...a lot of begging went down in the civil rights movement, and a lot of begging going on now, begging to be recognized & talked about for one month...

    wii demand ann change tings wen wii ovatand da blakk realitee. soo tapp widd da nunsense bout blakk peeps begg fe blakk histaree month wen itt was demands.
    all we have changed by "demanding" black history month is that we now have less business & home ownership & more ghettoes & zombie-fied young people shooting each other...a lot of good your "demands" have done...

    enslaved afrikkans neva begged fe freedom dem putt upp a resistance ann force oyinbo fe bow ann den sum misleaders tekk lead ann sellout da mass.
    i agree...those enslaved afrikans would be ashamed to see that after all this time their peaaople have actually gotten weaker & dis-honor their memories by remaining in slavery---albeit this time a mental type...instead of forming their own, as in the days of segregation, they now beg to be included in a system clearly designed to eliminate them...they are still unable to vision marcus garvey's idea of repatriation & nation-builing;
    no-- all they can see is a having a month when they get to be talked about...

    dem add to end slaveree cah dem cood natt maintain da system aff slaveree, dat de histaree. blakk peeps begg mixx race man ann demand tings fram oyinbo politrixxstahs. fred sed widdout demands, demandinn sintinn diffarant fram begginn. itt like oyinbo chattinn bout blakk peeps begginn fe reparation ann blakk peeps doan see oww oyinbo use language fe weaken arguments. dat more proof y blakk histaree month needed
    you will use anything to justify a need for "black history month"....like harriet tubman said she would have freed more enslaved people if they knew that they were enslaved...
    you unwittingly carry on the work of the beast--- the forces that gave us slavery & racism---by separating so-called "blacks" from world history...this can never work, as blacks were instrumental in all phases of world history---it can not be separated;
    you notice how brad pitt in his movie "troy" how they left out completely the ethiopian part of that story...but you're gonna beg these people to include you instead of making your own movie & your own industry...

    woodson argued argued fe more blakk histaree usinn a tool like negro histaree ween. even iff blakk histaree month iss a tool blakk can tunn itt arund ann use itt da same way too fe blakk empowerment
    it can for those who have not elevated their mentality in 100 years--or the time of carter woodson; from "negro history week" to "black history month"...what will they give you next--- "african-american history season"?
    truly free minds would know that it is up to you to learn of yourself & your people & to demand that you are included in anything beneficial to citizens of the nation---they would never allow their historical enemies to tailor their education---or limit their contributions or separate their accomplishments into some special studies...they can't see how this perpetuates the false idea that "blacks" are a special case of people who need their own special history---yeah almost like special ed

    doan figgit fiyah a riteous ting use fe pureeficateshan soo wen yuh play widd fiyah yuh sumthye gitt wet
    the fire cyaan't out---wi a bun out dem weak-out conception straight

  10. #280
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    Quote Originally Posted by Wahalla View Post
    http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-26582811


    see now this is one of thsoe things....where the poltical class develop contrarian myths....one that Dr Dudd mentioned in the past....


    How the civil rights movement changed black gun culture

    20 March 2014 Last updated at 01:18 GMT
    The subject of guns is a volatile one in the black community: a disproportionate number of black Americans are killed by firearms each year.
    Gang violence has destabilised some communities, while high-profile killings of black youths like Trayvon Martin and Jordan Davis have led political leaders to call for reforms to how guns are made, sold, used and stored.
    But Nicholas Johnson, a law professor at Fordham University in New York City, says black Americans have a long, positive history with guns. Firearms, he says, helped black Americans escape slavery, defend their homes and fight for their freedom. It was only after the civil rights movement that the public attitude towards guns started to change.
    He explores the hidden relationship between African Americans and firearms in his book Negroes and the Gun: The Black Tradition of Arms.
    Produced by Kate Dailey and Bill McKenna

    great pint yuh raisinn

    tink pon diss
    dem sed mlk based imm non-violence philosopy awf aff ghandi butt iff yuh studee ghandi imm philosopee was widdout violence ann dat diffarance dan non-violence. too badd da blakk civil wrang movement redefined ghandi widdout ovatandinn wat ghandi reallee sed

    mlk add gun ann tried fe gitt permit to carry concealed weapon dat was turned dunn. peeps tryinn fe gawn like blakk peeps were able fe peacefullee march widdout arms
    Last edited by blugiant; 03-22-2014 at 06:12 PM.
    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
    Marcus Garvey

    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

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